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How to calculate federal withholding tax using the percentage tables

Payroll tax calculations are important for any businesses. Many factors will influence the tax calculations, such as the filing status, allowances claimed on W-4, retirement account contributions and more. Some people may even see $0 federal tax withholding out of their paychecks.

Please follow these steps to find your federal tax withholding:

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    1. Decide your filing status: single or married

    2. Find your pay period: weekly, biweekly, semi-monthly, monthly or daily

    3. Find your gross income for each paycheck

    4. Add up your income exemptions for each paycheck

    You can claim allowances on the W-4. Each allowance will lower your taxable income. The more allowances you claim the less federal income tax you pay; the less you claim, the more federal tax you pay.

    The standard deduction is $3,900 per allowance per year (For Year 2013).

    5. Add up your before tax deductions, such as 401 K, flexible account contributions ... for each paycheck

    6. Figure out your taxable income for each paycheck

    Taxable Income = Gross Income - Exemptions - Before Tax Deductions

    7. Find the tax rate you should use and calculate the federal income tax

    Federal tax withholding tables

    If you need more information, you can view samples on how to calculate Federal tax manually here

  • Why is there $0 federal tax on my paycheck

  • Bi-weekly paycheck sample on how to calculate 2013 federal income tax manually

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